Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak is the Jerome Kasoff ’54 Professor of Management and Economics at Yale University with concurrent appointments in the School of Management and in the Department of Economics. Mobarak is the founder and faculty director of the Yale Research Initiative on Innovation and Scale (Y-RISE).

Mobarak has several ongoing research projects in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sierra Leone. He conducts field experiments exploring ways to induce people in developing countries to adopt technologies or behaviors that are likely to be welfare-improving. He also examines the complexities of scaling up development interventions that are proven effective in such trials. For example, he is scaling and testing strategies to address seasonal poverty using migration subsidies or consumption loans in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Indonesia. His research has been published in journals across disciplines, including Science, Nature, Econometrica,  American Economic Review, Review of Economic Studies, the American Political Science Review, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, and Demography, and covered by the New York Times, The Economist, NPR, BBC, NBC, The Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Science, Nature, and other media outlets around the world. He received a Carnegie Fellowship in 2017 and was named to the inaugural Vox list of 50 “scientists working to build a more perfect future” in 2022.

Mobarak is collaborating with the government of Bangladesh and other local institutions to devise evidence-based COVID response strategies. He collaborated with governments and NGOs in India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh to distribute facemasks to over 100 million people during the Delta and Omicron waves, based on the results of the NORM model. The approach and results have been covered by BBC, Foreign Policy, New York Times, Washington Post, Vox, and media across South Asia, Africa and Europe.  The work is supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Givewell.org, the Global Innovation Fund, and Yale Macmillan Center.

At Yale he teaches a Ph.D. course in development economics, as well as a core MBA course on interactions between business, government, and society that does deep dives on contemporary policy issues on race, gender, immigration, and public health.  You can follow him on Twitter: @mushfiq_econ

This interview describes his approach to research. His comments to the World Health Organization Director General at the 75th World Health Assembly provides a succinct verbal summary:

Publications and Working Papers

Research Briefs



Providing an incentive to send a seasonal migrant increases consumption and incomes…
COVID-19 Response
Developing CountriesShould LMICs adopt the same social distancing strategies as industrialized nations?


Limited access to improved sanitation facilities is a continuing challenge in the developing world…


Girls exposed to the garment sector are more likely to delay marriage, enroll in school and be employed…

Agricultural Technology Adoption

Leveraging social learning in communication can improve agricultural extension services….


Rainfall insurance can help farmers survive a drought year. So why aren’t more using it?

Rohingya Refugee Survey
Myanmar to Bangladesh

A Survey Tracking Rohingya Refugees and the Bangladeshi communities hosting them…

International Migration
Bangladesh to Malaysia
Effects of Cross-Border Migration via a Government-to-Government Agreement…


Exposing information about firms to their peers can increase tax compliance and payment…


COVID-19 Response


How can research support evidence-based policy responses to the pandemic?

COVID and Gender Inequality
Sierra LeoneHas the pandemic exacerbated gender inequality in low-income countries?


Exposing information about firms to their peers can increase tax compliance and payment…