Research Papers

Working Papers

Stuctural Change Within andAcross Firms: Evidence from the United States (September 2019) Joint w/Ding, Fort and Redding.

Using Equity Market Reactions to Infer Exposure to Trade Liberalization (June 2019) Joint w/Greenland, Ion, and Lopresti.

Does Trade Liberalization with China Influence U.S. Elections? (April 2017) Joint w/Che, Lu, Pierce and Tao.

Trade Policy and the Structure of Supply Chains (February 2017) Joint w/Heise, Pierce and Schaur.

Insertion of Argentine Firms in Global Value Chains Not Oriented to the Mass Market (November 2012) Joint w/Gonzalez, Hallak and Soria Genta

Vietnam’s Textile and Clothing Exports to the U.S. Under OTEXA Monitoring (September 2007)

Transfer Pricing by U.S.-Based Multinational Firms (August 2006) Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen.


Journal Publications

Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties 2018. American Economic Review: Insights (Forthcoming). Joint w/Pierce.

Investment Responses to Trade Liberalization: Evidence from U.S. Industries and Plants. Journal of International Economics 115(2018): 203-222. Joint w/Pierce.

New Perspectives on the Decline of U.S. Manufacturing Employment. 2018. Journal of Economic Perspectives 32(2): 47-72. Joint w/Fort and Pierce.

Global Firms. 2018. Journal of Economic Literature 56(2):565-619. Joint w/Bernard, Jensen and Redding.

The Surprisingly Swift Decline of U.S. Manufacturing Employment. 2016. American Economic Review 106(7):1632-62. Joint w/Pierce. Appendix. Data directory.

Trade Liberalization and Embedded Institutional Reform: Evidence from Chinese Exporter. 2013. American Economic Review 103(6):2169-95. Joint w/Khandelwal and Wei.

Testing for Relative Factor Price Equality with Unobserved Differences in Factor Quality or Productivity. 2013. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 5(2):135-163. Joint w/ Redding and Bernard.

A Concordance Between Ten-Digit U.S. Harmonized System Codes and SIC/NAICS Product Classes and Industries. 2012. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement 37(1-2):61-96. Joint w/ Pierce.

The Empirics of Firm Heterogeneity and International Trade. 2012. Annual Review of Economics 4: 283-313. Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen and Redding.

Concording U.S. Harmonized System Categories Over Time Journal of Official Statistics 28(1):53-68 (March 2012). Joint w/ Pierce.

Multi-Product Firms and Trade Liberalization Quarterly Journal of Economics 126(3):1271-1318 (2011). Joint w/ Bernard, Redding.

Estimating Cross-Country Differences in Product Quality Quarterly Journal of Economics 126(1):417-474. (2011) Joint w/ Hallak. Additional materials

Is Mexico a Lumpy Country? Review of International Economics 18(5):937-950. Joint w/ Bernard, Robertson.

Intra-firm Trade and Product Contractibility American Economic Review Papers & Proceedings 100(2): 444-448 (May 2010). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen and Redding.Joint w/Bernard, Jensen, Redding

Wholesalers and Retailers in U.S. Trade. American Economic Review Papers & Proceedings 100(2): 408-413 (May 2010). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen and Redding.Joint w/Bernard, Jensen, Redding

Multi-Product Firms and Product Switching American Economic Review 100:70-97 (March 2010). Joint w/ Bernard, Redding.

Products and Productivity Scandinavian Journal of Economics 111(4):681-709 (December 2009). Joint w/ Bernard, Redding.

The Margins of U.S. Trade American Economic Review Papers & Proceedings 99(2):487-493 (May 2009). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen and Redding.

Relative Wage Variation and Industry Location in the United Kingdom Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 70(4):431-459 (August 2008). Joint w/ Bernard, Redding and Simpson.

The Relative Sophistication of Chinese Exports Economic Policy 53:5-49 (January 2008).

Firms in International Trade Journal of Economic Perspectives 21(3):105-130 (Summer 2007). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen, Redding.

Comparative Advantage and Heterogeneous Firms Review of Economic Studies 74(1):31-66 (January 2007). Joint w/ Bernard, Redding.

Trade Costs, Firms and Productivity Journal of Monetary Economics 53(5): 917-937 (July 2006). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen.

Survival of the Best Fit: Exposure to Low-Wage Countries and the (Uneven) Growth of US Manufacturing Plants. Journal of International Economics 68(1):219-237 (January 2006). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen.

Across-Product versus Within-Product Specialization in International Trade. Quarterly Journal of Economics 119(2):647-678 (May 2004).

  • Prior versions: NBER WP 8492 (2001)

Distance, Skill Deepening and Development: Will Peripheral Countries Ever Get Rich? Journal of Development Economics 72(2):515-541 (December 2003). Joint w/ Redding.

A Comparison of Latin American and Asian Product Exports to the United States, 1972 to 1999. Latin American Journal of Economics. 121:414-422 (December 2003).

One Size Fits All? Heckscher-Ohlin Specialization in Global Production American Economic Review 93(2):686-708 (June 2003).

Does Natural Resource Abundance Cause Latin American Income Inequality? Journal of Development Economics 59(1): 3-42. Joint w/ Leamer, Maul and Rodriguez.

Book Chapters / Other Publications

The Distributional Implications of Trade Liberalization with China (2017) in Simon Evenett (ed.), Cloth for Wine? The Relevance of Ricardo’s Comparative Advantage in the 21stCentury (CEPR Press). Joint w/ Pierce.

America’s Hidden Austerity Program, New York Times (Economix, June 11, 2012), joint w/ Polak.

The 2005 to 2008 Appreciation of the Yuan and U.S. Trade (April 2009), in Simon Evenett (ed), The US-Sino Currency Dispute: New Insights from Economics, Politics and Law (VoxEU: Geneva)

U.S. Trade Margins During the 2008 Crisis (November 2009), in Richard Baldwin (ed), The Great Trade Collapse: Causes, Consequences and Prospects (VoxEU: Geneva)

China’s Experience Under the MFA/ATC (2010) in Robert Feenstra and Shag-Jin Wei (eds.), China’s Growing Role in World Trade (University of Chicago Press, 2010). Joint w/ Brambilla, Khandelwal. Note: this is a revised version of NBER Working Paper 13346. Data used in this paper.

Importers, Exporters and Multinationals: A Portrait of Firms in the U.S. that Trade Goods in T. Dunne, J.B. Jensen and M.J. Roberts (eds.), Producer Dynamics: New Evidence from Micro Data (University of Chicago Press, 2009). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen. This chapter is a revised version of NBER Working Paper 11404.

How does China compete with developed countries? Vox (October 2007)

The Rich (and Poor) Keep Getting Richer Harvard Business Review 83(4):20 (April 2005). Joint w/ Leamer.

How Offshore Work Affects Your Industry Harvard Business Review 82(11):24 (November 2004). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen.

“Concerts and Regional Intervention” in David Lake and Patrick Morgan (eds.), Regional Orders: Building Security in a New World. (Penn State Press, 1997).  Joint w/ Rosecrance.


Policy/Background/Technical/Dataset Papers

Report on the State of Available Data for the Study of International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment (August 2010). Joint with Feenstra, Lipsey, Branstetter, Foley, Harrigan, Jensen, Kletzer, Mann and Wright. NBER Working Paper 16254.

Vietnam’s Textile and Clothing Exports to the U.S. Under OTEXA Monitoring (September 2007)

Assessing the Impact of Trade Liberalization on Import-Competing Industries in the Appalachian Region (September 2004). Joint with Bernard, Jensen.

Facing the Dragon: The Prospects for U.S. Manufacturing in the Coming Decade (May 2004). Joint w/ Bernard, Jensen. Wall Street Journal article about this paper (8.17.2004).

US Imports, Exports and Tariff Data, 1989 to 2001. (November 2002) Joint w/ Feenstra, Romalis (NBER 9387). Click here to download data.

Land Abundance as a Source of Latin American Income Inequality (July 13, 1999). Joint w/ Leamer. Background paper for World Bank World Development Report 2000/01, available here. A related paper served as background research for an Inter-American Development Bank report on Nature, Development and Distribution in Latin America Evidence on the Role of Geography, Climate and Natural Resources.


Dormant Working Papers

A Note on Empirical Implementation of the Lens Condition (December 2004) Joint w/ Bernard, Robertson.

Ranking Countries According to the Value of Their Exports (December 2003)

Moving Up and Moving Out: Product-Level US Exports and Competition from Low-Wage Countries. (March 2002)

Land Abundance, Risk and Return: An HO Approach to FDI (May 1998)

Education, Development and Trade: What’s the Relationship? (January, 1998)

Strategic Options:   Black-Scholes and Pearl Harbor (June 1997)